Focus on electoral systems: which is the most competitive model?

Analysis
Thomas Edward FROSINI

Electoral systems condition the form of government in relation to the function of political direction, since depending on the electoral system adopted, the institutional political structure of the form of government is changing. The relationship between electoral systems and party systems is important. Majority systems tend to avoid excessive fragmentation of the party system – leading parties to coalesce – and make it easier to form stable governing majorities; while proportional representation systems, ensuring the highest representativeness of elected assemblies, avoid the under-representation of smaller parties and more faithfully reflect the ideological choice of voters.